° R e s e a r c h ° o n ° P l a c e ° & ° S p a c e °

Table of Contents






Main Page

Who Helped With This?

General Websites & Resources on Place

What Should I Read First?

Advanced Search in Research on Place & Space

Contribute entries & annotations

Site Reviews


















Applied Sciences,


Art History,

Animal Science

Cult. Studies,
Media, Race,


Gender, Feminism, Queer Th.

Environment, Env. Ethics,

History, Folklore

Literature, Linguistics


Music, Sound



Planning, Development Urban & Regional Theory

Political Studies,
Area Studies


Religious Studies,

Social Sciences

Virtual Places and Cyberspace, Presence














Place & Specific Places

Genius Loci, Spirit of Place

"A Sense of Place" & related terms





Movement, Speed, Travel, Tourism, Migration, Pilgrimage

Borders, Edges, Liminality

Chorography, Regions



Loss & Decay of Place

Constructed, simulated. fake, hidden,
ideal, imaginary places

Utopias, Dystopias

Platial Anxieties


Globalization, Glocalization





Conferences, Other CFP


On-line Documents A-G

On-line Documents H-P

On-line Documents Q-Z

Centres & Societies

Biblio's & Search Engines

Courses & Programs

Home Pages

Email Lists

Why I did all this

B. Janz: Home Page & Email


Place and Space in Religious Studies, Theology, Spirituality

See the "General Bibliography" section below for both clickable on-line papers as well as references to publishers' websites

 Search the "Research on Place and Space" Website


  1. Earth Mysteries.
  2. Feng Shui
    1. Feng Shui Ultimate Resource.
    2. Authentic Feng Shui - Thomas Coxon
      1. Feng Shui Resources
    3. Feng Shui Institute
    4. Feng Shui School of Excellence
    5. Alan Stirling
  3. Mysteries Megasite - some sub-pages on holy sites and places
  4. Mysterious Places: Explore Sacred Sites and Ancient Civilizations.
  5. Sacred Geography Links.
  6. Sacred Sites: Places of Peace and Power (Martin Gray)
    1. Links page - extensive links to sacred sites.
  7. Woodland Cemetary Thesis/ Serpent Mound Native Burial Grounds (Michael Salisbury)


  1. Sacred Places Bibliography.
  2. Sacred Space: Resources.

Courses and Programs

  1. Certificate in Science and Spirituality (Union Institute and University) - has a strong component of place studies.
  2. Ecospiritual Literature (Leslie van Gelder)
  3. Foundations of Christian Spirituality (Douglas Burton-Christie) - course focuses on place and spirituality.

General Bibliography

  1. n.a. "Sacred Space, Holy Place, and Suchlike." http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/A-C/biblst/DJACcurrres/Postmodern2/Sacred.html.

  2. Ackerman, Joy. "A Politics of Place: Reading the Signs at Walden Pond." Michael Benton, Melissa Purdue, and G. Wesley Houp, eds. Reconstruction: Studies in Contemporary Culture 5:3 (Summer 2005) http://www.reconstruction.ws/053/ackerman.shtml.

  3. Anttonen, V. "Rethinking the sacred: The notions of "human body" and "territory" in conceptualizing religion." T. A. Idinopulos and E. A. Yonan, Eds., The sacred and its scholars: Comparative religious methodologies for the study of primary religious data. Leiden: Brill, 1996: 36-64.

  4. Anttonen, V. "Space, body, and the notion of boundary: A category-theoretical approach to religion." Temenos 41:2 (2005).

  5. Bello, Angela-Ales. "The Space of the Goddess. A Phenomenological Excavation in Archaic Sacrality." International Review of Sociology 6:3 (1996): 429-436.

    Judaism & Place

    HaMakom = "The Place" = G-d

    "He [G-d] doesn't have a place, rather He is The Place of the Universe."


  6. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Space and Spirit: Towards a Theology of Inhabitation" in Bergmann, Sigurd (ed.). Architecture, Aesth/Ethics and Religion. Frankfurt am Main: IKO-Verlag für interkulturelle Kommunikation 2005: 45-103.

  7. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Nature, religion and worldview - global, aesthetical and spatial perspectives." in Science and Religion. Vladimir: Vladimir State University 2003: 43-59.

  8. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Space and Justice in Eco-Spirituality." in J. Rüpke/V. Makrides (eds.), Religionen im Konflikt: Vom Bürgerkrieg über Ökogewalt bis zur Gewalterinnerung im Ritual. Münster: Aschendorff 2004: 212-225.

  9. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Raum und Gerechtigkeit: Ethische Perspektiven eines großräumigen Umweltschutzes." in D. Hahlweg, D.-P. Häder, S. Bergmann, O. Seewald, J. Bauer, O. Aßmann, A. Sperling, Großräumiger Umweltschutz (Schriftenreihe für Ökologie und Ethologie vol. 28), Wien: Facultas 2002: 35-58.

  10. Bergmann, Sigurd, "Place and Perspective" in God in Context - A Survey of Contextual Theology, Aldershot: Ashgate 2003.

  11. Bergmann, Sigurd, "Rum och rättvisa [Space and justice]" in Kirke og kultur 2/3 (2003): 273-278.

  12. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Kan kyrkor flyga? Arkitekturens liturgi i estetisk och teologisk belysning" in: S.Å. Selander (ed.), Liturgi och språk, Skellefteå: Artos/Norma 2003, 88-110. [Can Churches Fly? The Liturgy of Architecture in Aesthetical and Theological Perspectives, ...in SÅS, Liturgy and Language].

  13. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Nature, Religion and Worldview - Global, Aesthetical and Spatial Perspectives." (Russian text), in: E. Arinin (ed.), Science and Religion, Vladimir: Vladimir State University 2004, 43-59.

  14. Bergmann, Sigurd, ed. Architecture, Aesth/Ethics and Religion. Frankfurt am Main: IKO-Verlag für interkulturelle Kommunikation 2005, London:Transaction Publishers 2005, 230 pps.

  15. Bergmann, Sigurd. Creation Set Free: The Spirit as Liberator of Nature (Vol. 4 in the series "Sacra Doctrina: Christian Theology for a Postmodern Age"), Grand Rapids, Michigan/Cambridge U.K.: Eerdmans 2005, (with a foreword by Jürgen Moltmann), especially chapter 5 on "Movement", "Motion" and "The Ecology of the Holy Spirit as Transparency of Place".

  16. Bergmann, Sigurd. "Theology in its Spatial Turn: Space, Place and Built Environments Challenging and Changing the Images of God " Religion Compass 1 (2007): 1-27. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1749-8171.2007.00025.x.

  17. Bergmann, Sigurd, Thomas Hoff & Tore Sager, eds. Spaces of Mobility: Essays on the Planning, Ethics, Engineering and Religion of Human Motion. Equinox Books, 2008.

  18. Boer, Roland. "Sanctuary and Womb: Henri Lefebvre and the Production of Space." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2000papers/Boer.html.

  19. Bowman, Glenn. " Nationalising the Sacred: Shrines and Shifting Identities in the Israeli-Occupied Territories" Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (Man). XXVIII:3. Sept. 1993. pp. 431-460.

  20. Bowman, Glenn. "Christian Pilgrimage: Structures of Devotion/Strictures of Obedience" in Biblical Interpretation: The Meanings of Scripture past and present (ed. John M.Court). London: T & T Clark International (Continuum). January 2004. pp. 24-43.

  21. Bowman, Glenn. "Mapping History's Redemption: Eschatology and Topography in the Itinerarium Burdigalense" in Jerusalem: Its Sanctity and Centrality to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, ed. Lee I. Levine. New York & Jerusalem: Continuum Press and Magness Press. 1998. pp. 163-187.

  22. Bowman, Glenn. "Contemporary Christian Pilgrimage to the Holy Land" in Anthony O'Mahoney, ed., The Christian Heritage in the Holy Land London: Scorpion. 1995. pp. 288-310.

  23. Bowman, Glenn. "Pilgrim Narratives of Jerusalem and the Holy Land: A Study in Ideological Distortion" in Alan Morinis, ed. Sacred Journeys: The Anthropology of Pilgrimage (Contributions to the Study of Anthropology). Foreword Victor Turner. London: Greenwood. 1992. 149-168.

  24. Bowman, Glenn. "Christian Ideology and the Image of a Holy Land: The Place of Jerusalem Pilgrimage in the Various Christianities" in Contesting the Sacred: the Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage (ed. Michael Sallnow and John Eade). London: Routledge. 1991. 98-121.

  25. Brenneman, Walter J. Jr. "The Circle and the Cross: Loric and Sacred Space in the Holy Wells of Ireland." Seamon, David & Robert Mugerauer, Dwelling, Place, and Environment: Toward a Phenomenology of Person and World. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1985: 137-158.

  26. Brenneman, W. L., Jr., and Brenneman, M. G. Crossing the Circle at the Holy Wells of Ireland. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.

  27. Brereton, J.P. "Sacred space." M. Eliade, Ed., The encyclopedia of religion. New York: Macmillan, 1987: 526-35.

  28. Brueggeman, Walter. The Land: Place as Gift, Promise, and Challenge in Biblical Faith, 2nd Edition. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977, 2002.

  29. Bruggeman, Walter. "‘Placed' Between Promise and Command." Vitek, William & Wes Jackson, eds. Rooted in the Land: Essays on Community and Place. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996: 124-131.

  30. Buettner, M. Survey article on the history and philosophy of the geography of religion in Germany. Religion 10:2 (1980): 86-119.

  31. Cameron, J. "Place Perspective, Buddhism and Environmentalism." http://www.uws.edu.au/serg/Buddhismenv_jcameron.htm.

  32. Camp, Claudia. "Storied Space, or, Ben Sira "Tells" a Temple" http://www.gunnzone.org/Space/BenSira_Space.htm.

  33. Chamberlain, Paul G. "Topomystica: Investigation into the Concept of Mystic Place." Journal of Cultural Geography 19:1 (2001): 97ff.

  34. Chidester, D. and Linenthal, E. T. Eds. American Sacred Space. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.

  35. Chivallon, Christine. "Religion as space for the expression of Caribbean identity in the United Kingdom." Environment and Planning D-Society & Space 19:4 (August 2001): 461-483.

  36. Cole, Juan. Sacred Space and Holy War: The Politics, Culture and History of Shi'ite Islam. Palgrave Press, 2002.

  37. Conyers, A. J. "Why the Chattahoochee sings: Notes towards a theory of "place"" Modern Age 43:2 (2001): 99-106.

  38. Deal, William E. "Simulating Pure Land Space: The Hyperreality of a Japanese Buddhist Paradise." http://www.cwru.edu/artsci/rlgn/deal/aar2002/pure_land_space.htm.

  39. Deal, William E. "Discourses of Religious Space." http://www.cwru.edu/artsci/rlgn/deal/aar2003/discourse-space.htm.

  40. Dozeman, Thomas B. "“Scriptural Maps” and the Journey from Kadesh through the Transjordan." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2002papers/dozeman.html.

  41. Eiesland, Nancy. A Particular Place: Urban Restructuring and Religious Ecology in a Southern Exurb. Rutgers University Press, 2000.

  42. Faure, Bernard. "Space and place in Chinese religious traditions." In: History of religions 26:4 (1987): 337-356.

  43. Fillipi, Linda. "Place, Feminism, and Healing: An Ecology of Pastoral Counseling," Journal of Pastoral Care (Fall 1991): 231-42.

  44. Flanagan, James W. "Constructions of Ancient Space." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/96papers/Constructs/flanagan/jfoutline.htm.

  45. Flanagan, James W. "Postmodern Perspectives on Premodern Space." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/canada/Canada.html.

  46. Flanagan, James W. "Ancient Perceptions of Space / Perceptions of Ancient Space." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/jwfpapers/CBA2000/CBA.html.

  47. Flanagan, James W. "The Trialectics of Biblical Studies." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2001papers/flanagan1.htm.

  48. Flanagan, James W. "Mapping the Biblical World: Perceptions of Space in Ancient Southwestern Asia." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/canada/Windsor/Windsor.htm.

  49. Forbes, Boyte K. "It is all sacred: Foothill Konkow perceptions of sacred places." Pennsylvania Geographer 36:1 (1998): 5-29.

  50. Friedland, Roger & Richard D. Hecht. "Power of place: the Nebi Musa pilgrimage and the origins of Palestinian nationalism." In: Persistence of Religions: Essays in Honor of Kees W. Bolle -- Malibu : Undena, 1996: 337-359.

  51. Gunn, David. "Te Kooti in Canaan or, Inhabiting the Bible and Possessing the Land." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/96papers/Constructs/gunn/Gunn.htm.

  52. Gunn, David. "The Stuff of Biblical Story: Reading the Things of Judges in the Space of Two Millennia." http://www.gunnzone.org/Space/Gunn_StoryStuff_2003.html.

  53. Gurevitch, Zali & Aran, Gideon. "Never in Place: Eliade and Judaic Sacred Space." Archives de sciences sociales des religions 39:87 (July-September 1994): 135-152.

  54. Hamma, Robert M. Landscapes of the Soul: A Spirituality of Place. Ave Maria Press, 1999.

  55. Harris, Chris "Toward an Understanding of Home: Levinas and the New Testament." Religious Education 90:3/4 (Summer/Fall 1995): 433-444.

  56. Harvey, David C. "Constructed Landscapes and Social Memory: Tales of St. Samson in Early Medieval Cornwall." Environment and Planning D-Society & Space 20:2 (April 2002): 231-248.

  57. Holloway, Julian. "Make-Believe: Spiritual Practice, Embodiment, and Sacred Space." Environment and Planning A 35:11 (November 2003): 1961 - 1974.

  58. Huie-Jolly, Mary. "Word Reconstructing Flesh: Portable Christianity and its Fragile Earth Connection." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2000papers/HuieJolly.html.

    Der Ort is das Wort
    Der ort und's Wort ist Eins, une wäre nicht der ort
    (bey Ewger Ewigkeit!) es wäre nicht das Wort.

    The Place is the Word
    The place and the word is one, and were the place not
    (of all eternal eternity!) the word would not be.

    Angelus Silesius 1:205

  59. Inge, John. A Christian Theology of Place. Ashgate Publishers, 2003.

  60. Ivakhiv, Adrian J. Claiming Sacred Ground: Pilgrims and Politics at Glastonbury and Sedona. Indiana University Press, 2001. With Table of Contents and first chapter.

  61. Jung, L. Shannon, Charles H. Reynolds. "Autonomy as Justice: Spatiality and the Revelation of Otherness." Journal of Religious Ethics 14:1 (1986): 161-178

  62. Kiong, Tong Chee and Lily Kong. "Religion and Modernity: Ritual Transformations and the Reconstruction of Space and Time." Social and Cultural Geography. http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/staff/home/geokongl/doc/scgbrdg.doc.

  63. Knott, Kim. "Space" Revista de Estudos da Religião (REVER) 4:5 (2005): "Theoretical Issues in the Study of Religion" http://www.pucsp.br/rever/rv4_2005/p_knott.pdf.

  64. Knott, K. "The location of religion: A spatial analysis." London and Oakville, CA: Equinox, 2005.

  65. Knott, K. "Spatial theory and method for the study of religion." Temenos 41:2 (2005): 153-84.

  66. Kong, L. "Religion and technology: refiguring place, space, identity and community." Area 33:4 (December 2001) 404-413.

  67. Kong, L. "Mapping "new" geographies of religion: politics and poetics in modernity." Progress in Human Geography 25:2 (2001): 211-33.

  68. Koontz, Gayle Gerber. "Place with God: A Mennonite Perspective on the Sacred" Mennonite Life 55:2 (June 2000). http://www.bethelks.edu/mennonitelife/2000june/koontz_article.html.

  69. Kormina, Jeanne. "Oral Stories about a Village Sacred Place: The Social Dimension of Narrative Tradition." http://www.anthrobase.com/Txt/K/Kormina_J_01.htm.

  70. Kort, Wesley A. "Sacred/Profane and an Adequate Theory of Human Place-Relations." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2001papers/kort.htm.

  71. Lane, B. Places of the Sacred: Geography and Narrative in American Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1988.

  72. Lane, Belden. "Giving Voice to Place: Three Models for Understanding American Sacred Space." Religion and American Culture 11:1 (Winter 2001): 53ff.

  73. Lapin, Hayim. "Space and Regional History: The Problem of Roman Palestine." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2003papers/lapin.htm.

  74. Leviton, Richard. The Galaxy on Earth: A Traveler’s Guide to the Planet’s Visionary Geography. Hampton Roads, 2002.

  75. Lilburne, Geoffrey. A Sense of Place: A Christian Theology of the Land. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1989.

  76. Long, Burke O. "Scenery of Eternity: William Foxwell Albright and Notions of "Holy Land"" http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/96papers/Constructs/long/Blong.htm.

  77. Long, Burke O. "Picturing Biblical Pasts." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2003papers/long03.pdf.

  78. MacDonald, Fraser. "Towards a spatial theory of worship: some observations from Presbyterian Scotland." Social & Cultural Geography 3:1 (2002): 61-80. http://www.geography.unimelb.edu.au/staff/worship.pdf.

  79. MacDonald, Mary N. Experiences of place. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard Divinity School, c2003.

  80. Maier, Christi M. "Daughter Zion as a Gendered Space in the Book of Isaiah." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2003papers/maier.pdf.

  81. Mazumdar, Shampa & Sanjoy Mazumdar. "'Women's Significant Spaces': Religion, Space, and Community." Journal of Environmental Psychology 19:2 (June 1999): 159-170.

  82. McKeever, Michael Colin. "Refiguring Space in the Lukan Passion Narrative." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2000papers/mckeever.htm.

  83. McNutt, Paula M. "Spatiality and Marginal Social Groups in Ancient Israel." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2001papers/mcnutt.htm.

  84. Meurant, R. The Aesthetics of the Sacred: A Harmonic Geometry of Consciousness and Philosophy of Sacred Architecture. Whangamat, New Zealand: The Institute of Traditional Studies, 1989; Opoutere Press.

  85. Millar, William R. "A Bakhtinian Reading of Narrative Space and Its Relationship to Social Space; Or, Finding the Lost Tribe of Levi and Why It Matters: A Study in Voice, Space, and Power." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2003papers/millar.pdf.

  86. Mitchell, W. J. T. "Holy Landscape: Israel, Palestine, and the American Wilderness." in Mitchell, W. J. T. Landscape and Power, 2nd Edition. University of Chicago Press, 1994, 2002.

  87. Moltmann, Jurgen. "Shekinah: The Home of the Homeless God." Rouner, L. S., ed. The longing for home. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996: 170-184.

  88. Mugerauer, Robert. "Mircea Eliade: Restoring the Possibilities of Place." Environmental and Architectural Phenomenology 3:1: 10-12.

  89. Pahl, Jon. Shopping Malls and Other Sacred Spaces: Putting God in Place. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Brazos Press, 2003.

  90. Park, C. Sacred worlds: An introduction to geography and religion. London and New York: Routledge, 1994.

  91. Pezzoli-Olgiati, Daria. "Images of Cities in Ancient Religions: Some Methodological Considerations." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2000papers/Daria.html.

  92. Pippin, Tina. "The Ideology of Apocalyptic Space." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2003papers/pippin.htm.

  93. Plantinga, Theodor. "Sacred Spaces". http://www.redeemer.on.ca/%7Etplanti/m/MCA.HTM#.

  94. Rabinowitz, Dan. "Strife in Nazareth: struggles over the religious meaning of place." In: Ethnography 2:1 (2001): 93-113.

  95. Ray, S. "The Asrama-Anthem: Tagore's Passion for Santiniketan." in Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa, ed. The Elemental Passion for Place in the Ontopoiesis of Life Passions of the Soul in the Imaginatio Creatrix. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995.

  96. Ray, S. "Visva-Bharati Santiniketan: Outcome and Outgrowth of Tagore's Creative Passion." in Tymieniecka Anna-Teresa, ed. Passion for place. Book II, Between the vital spacing and the creative horizons of fulfilment. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic, 1997.

  97. Russell, Randy. "Coming to a Spiritual Sense of Place: An Affirmation of the Places we Inhabit." http://www.western.edu/headwtrs/reader/essays/russell_sermon.html.

  98. Sanborn, Laura Sue. "Sacred Places of the Southwest." Places: A Forum of Environmental Design 7(1): 42-49.

  99. Scheper, G. L. "`Where is our Home?' the Ambiguity of Biblical and Euro-American Imaging of Wilderness and Garden as Sacred Place." in Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa, ed. The Elemental Passion for Place in the Ontopoiesis of Life Passions of the Soul in the Imaginatio Creatrix. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995.

  100. Scott, Jamie and Paul Simpson-Housley. Sacred Places and Profane Spaces: Essays in the Geographics of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Greenwood Publishers, 1991.

  101. Sheldrake, Philip. "Human Identity and the Particularity of Place" Spiritus: A Journal of Christian Spirituality 1.1 (2001): 43-64. http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/scs/1.1sheldrake.html.

  102. Sheldrake, Philip. Spaces for the Sacred: Place, Memory, and Identity. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

  103. Smith, Jonathan. To Take Place: Toward Theory in Ritual. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

  104. Smith,, J.Z. Map is not territory: Studies in the history of religions. Leiden: Brill, 1978.

  105. Spicer, Beverly White. The Ka'bah: Rhythms of Culture, Faith and Physiology. Lanham MD: University Press of America. 2003.

  106. St. John, Donald. "Deep Geography: Nature and Place in The Sign of Jonas." Merton Annual: Studies in Culture, Spirituality and Social Concerns 4 (1991): 39-58.

  107. Stark-Arola, Laura. "Christianity and the Wilderness: Syncretisms in Orthodox Karelian Magic as Culture-Specific Strategies. Studies in Folklore and Popular Religion 2 (1999): 93-120.

  108. Stevenson, Kalinda Rose. "The Land is Yours: Ezekiel's Outrageous Land Claim." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2001papers/stevensonEzk.html.

  109. Sturges, Philemon & Gilles Laroche. Sacred Places. Putnam: 2000.

  110. Swan, J. A., ed., The Power of Place: Sacred Ground in Natural and Human Environments. Wheaton, IL: Quest Books, 1991.

  111. Tarthang Tulku. Time, Space and Knowledge: A New Vision of Reality. Emeryville, Calif.: Dharma Pub., 1977.

  112. Turner, Victor. "The Center Out There: Pilgrim's Goal." History of Religions 12:3(1973): 191-230.

  113. Vitiello, Vincenzo, "Desert, Ethos, Abandonment: Towards a Topology of the Religious" in Jacques Derrida and Gianni Vattimo, Religion. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996: 136-169.

  114. Wertheim, Margaret. "Place, Space, and Spirit." http://www.museum.vic.gov.au/lectures/wertheim/images/Space040399x.pdf.

  115. Whitelam, Keith W. "Preliminary Notes on Recent Historiography: Centralization and the New Imperialism." http://www.cwru.edu/affil/GAIR/papers/2003papers/whitelam.pdf.

  116. Williams, George Huntston. Wilderness and Paradise in Christian Thought. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.

  117. Williams, R. H. "Religion, Community, and Place: Locating the Transcendent." Religion & American Culture 12:2 (June 2002): 249-263.

  118. Wingerd, Mary Lethert. Claiming the City: Politics, Faith, and the Power of Place in St. Paul. Cornell University Press, 2001.

  119. Zimmerman, Michael. "The Role of Spiritual Discipline in Learning to Dwell on the Earth." Seamon, David & Robert Mugerauer, Dwelling, Place, and Environment: Toward a Phenomenology of Person and World. NY: Columbia University Press, 1985: 247-256.

Updated Jan. 25 2010


Site Author

Bruce B. Janz
Dept. of Philosophy
University of Central Florida
Orlando, FL, USA


Page Location: http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~janzb/place/religion.htm