David Henry on Lefebvre. From http://www.eng.fju.edu.tw/Literary_Criticism/postmodernism/postmo_urban/harvey_on_lefebvre.htm
1. Accessibiliy and distanciation . . . distance is both a barrier to, and a defense against, human interaction. It imposes transaction costs upon any system of production and reproduction (particularly those based on any elaborate social division of labour, trade, and social differentiation of reproductive functions).
2. The appropriation of space examines the way in which space is occupied by objects (house, factories, streets, etc.), activities (land uses), individuals, classes, or other social groupings. . . .
3. The domination of space [by individuals or powerful groups] Systematized and institutionalized appropriation may entail the production of territorially bounded forms of social solidarity.
4. The production of space examines how new systems of land use, transport and communications, territorial organization, etc. are produced, and how new modes of representation (e.g. information technology, computerized mapping, or design) arise. --[a narrow definition]
[From Harvey's definitions, individual agents' spatial practices belong more to the second and the third kind.]
"My purpose [in setting up such a grid] is to find some point of entry that will allow a deeper discussion of the shifting experience of space in the history of modernism and postmodernism.
The grid of spatial practices can tell us nothing important by itself. To suppose so would be to accept the idea that there is some universal spatial language independent of spatial practices. Spatial practices derive their efficacy in social life only through the structure of social relations within which they come into play. Under the social relations of capitalism, for example, the spatial practices portrayed in the grid become imbued with class meanings." (boldface added; 222-23)
Accessibility and Distanciation
Appropriation and Use of Space
Domination and Control of Space
Production of Space
Material Spatial Practices (experience)
Representations of Space (perception)
Spaces of Representation (imagination)