Many of these questions are of great interest in the social sciences, such as planning, sociology, geography. But they can also be asked as phenomenological questions. What's phenomenology?
Phenomenology literally concerns itself with "what presents itself", or experience itself. The key to phenomenological research is to recognize two things:
1. We are not asking questions about some objective "thing" out there, unrelated to us. We're really asking about our experience of the world. This experience is not just subjective, in the sense of private, but since it is meaningful experience it is shared and understood by others. So, if you imagine that the traditional account of knowledge is like this:
Knower -- Known
Self -- World
then what we are doing is recognizing a middle term:
Knower -- experience -- Known
Self -- experience -- World
In this case, then, we are asking about "home" or "dwelling". We are not asking about my "self", apart from my experience of the world, and we are not asking about a world, apart from my experience of it, because we never have either of those. We always know the self through ourself doing something, knowing something, acting in some way. And we always know the world as experienced, not "in itself", or apart from human experience. So, the point is to face up to the only thing we have available to us, which is our experience.
2. We "get at" this middle term of experience by putting aside our assumptions about the two terms at the poles. We assume that we know something about ourselves - but how do we know that? Through our experience of ourselves. We assume we know our world - but we wouldn't, unless we had experience of it. We end up making assumptions about the nature of the self and the world, giving them qualities, when in fact we don't really know if they have them or not. You think the world out there really exists? Watch the Matrix - it is at least possible that it is just impulses in your brain. You think you know yourself? Haven't you "discovered" things you didn't know about yourself? Haven't you been wrong about yourself? How well do you really know yourself?