10. Given the depiction of modernism we have given this term, how might someone argue that modernism is over, or that it is exhausted?
11. Identify and explain the following quotations (not all will be used if this question is chosen). How do these relate to the overall theme of the course, which has been to investigate the nature and limits of the idea of the modern?
a. A public is everything and nothing, the most dangerous of all powers and the most insignificant: one can speak to a whole nation in the name of the public, and still the public will be less than a single real man, however unimportant.
b. ...a 'modern' society is one in which 'project' - an orientation to rational purposive control of the environment (both natural and social), thereby both understanding and transforming it - becomes the central dynamic of the society, one in which humans are reconstructed as appropriate subjects that can 'carry' this process through becoming 'civilized' and 'Enlightened'.
c. ...human beings fall ill when, as a result of external obstacles or of an internal lack of adaptation, the satisfaction of their erotic needs in reality is frustrated. We see that they then take flight into illness in order that by its help they may find a satisfaction to take the place of what has been frustrated.
d. ...civilization has absolutely no need of nobility or heroism. These things are symptoms of political inefficiency. In a properly organized society...nobody has any opportunties for being noble or heroic.
e. I am sorry to hear the prince often speaking of things he has merely heard tell of, or read about; when he does so, he adopts the point of view of the one who presented the matter to him. I am also disturbed to find he values my mind and abilities more highly than my heart, which is my only source of pride, and indeed of everthing, all my strength and happiness and misery. The things I know, anyone can know - but my heart is mine and mne alone.