Clive Bell's Formalist Aesthetic Theory

From http://core.ecu.edu/phil/bailey/bellaesone.html

Bell's Formalism

1. Something is art if and only if it has aesthetic value.
2. Something has aesthetic value if and only if it has significant form.
3. Something has significant form if and only if it provokes aesthetic emotions in viewers.
4. Something provokes aesthetic emotions in viewers if and only if it has significant form.

Revision of Bell's Formalism

1. Something is art if and only if it has Aesthetic Value.
2. Something has aesthetic value if and only if it has significant form.
3. Something has significant form if and only if it provokes an aesthetic emotion.
4. Something is not an aesthetic emotion unless it satisfies the five criteria implicit in the following questions:

Are you having an aesthetic emotion?

1. Is the emotion unlike any normal emotion?
2. Is the emotion pleasurable (good, positive) to have?
3. It is being caused entirely and only by the pure formal elements of the object being experienced (the objects shape, line, and color)?
4. Can people increase their ability to get the emotion from objects in a specific medium through experience and training in that medium, without its necessarily affecting people's ability to get the emotion from objects in another medium?
5. Is the emotion subjectively universalizable?