Week 3: Landscape and Garden


  1. Place Room 2
  2. Herrington 1, 2
  3. Verdi, Laura, “The Garden and the Scene of Power,” Space and Culture 7:4 (November 2004): 360-385.
  4. Alexander, C., “The Garden as Occasional Domestic Space,” Signs 27:3 (Spring 2002): 857-871.


Where does our visual imagination for cultural images of nature come from?:

Nature & Art

How does art frame or change our sense of nature?

What's the history of portraying nature? Here are some precedents.



Lorrain, Claude [1600-1682]

Hogarth, William (1697-1764)

The Beautiful, The Sublime, The Picturesque

Friedrich, Caspar David

Constable, John (1776-1837).

Romantic Place: Quotations

The first photograph: Joseph Niepce




The Meaning of Gardens

Garden of Eden: Place of Innocence

Garden of Eden, Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder, 16th Century Germany

Babylonian Hanging Gardens: Technological Sophistication

Babylonian Hanging Gardens


Japanese Hanging Garden: Tranquility and Harmony

Japanese Gardens


French Enlightenment Gardens (Versailles): Rational universe



English Gardens: Mimic nature, with vistas

English Garden


Gardens and Nature

Gardens tell us about our relationship to nature.

•Do we assume that we control it, or live with it?
•Do we develop it, preserve it, restore it, or transform it?
•Do we assume that it is inert, or inhabited by spirits?
•Do we “Disnify” it, by turning it into a kind of plastic model of something else, of some dream or desire?
•Or is the garden space a realist space, one that develops organically?


Bottle trees

Then coming around up the path from the deep cut was a line of bare crape-myrtle trees with every branch of them ending in a colored bottle, green or blue. There was no word that fell from Solomon’s lips to say what they were there for, but Livvie knew that there could be a spell put in trees, and she was familiar from the time she was born with the way bottle trees kept evil spirits from coming into the house – by luring them inside the colored bottles, where they cannot get out again.

Eudora Welty, “Livvie”


African American garden