The Human Body Systems
By: Nancy J. Jackfert
GRADE LEVEL:Upper elementary
This is a partial/sample unit on the human body systems. The entire unit will include several lessons and activities for each body system. Each week, the students will learn about a differe nt body system. The students will complete a series of activities throughout each week. The activities will be completed as a class, in cooperative groups, or individually. At the beginning of each week, the class will do a physical activity to identif y the body system that is going to be studied. Additionally, I will demonstrate/model the activities for each center. The instructions for each activity will be at each center. If a group completes their activity before other groups, there will be addi tional games/activities for each body system. The students will be assessed in various formats. I will use anecdotal notes, worksheets, journals, projects and a final exam.
LESSON #1: BODY SYSTEMS AND ME
Through this lesson, the students will be introduced to the human body systems. This lesson will provide an overview of the systems and the activities for the unit. The students will have t heir body outlined by another student. They will cut out their outline and use it throughout the body systems unit.
LESSON #2: BODY SYSTEMS ON LINE
This lesson is an Internet activity for each of the body systems. Through this lesson, the students will discover interesting facts and information about each body system. The students will answer the questions for each system from the web sites that are hot linked.
LESSON #3: THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND THE SENSES
The students will complete a series of activities that will expand their knowledge about the body system that consists of the brain, the spinal cord, and a network of nerves. Additionally, t he students will recognize how the body’s sense organs – eyes, ears, nose, taste buds, and skin – gather information from outside the body and pass it on to the brain for processing. The students will learn that the senses are vital adaptations for survi val.
LESSON #4: THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
This lesson is to inform students about how the circulatory system is a transportation system that uses blood to bring food and oxygen to the cells of the body. The students will learn how t o take their pulse, and they will compare it to several adults’ heart rates. Additionally, the students will observe how exercise changes their pulse and breathing rates.
LESSON #5: THE BODY SYSTEMS GAME
This series of activities reviews the body systems and parts. The students will play a name that system/part game, categorize each system game, and create a song game. This lesson will prep are the students for a final assessment of the body systems.